With its bright colors and fun energy, the festival of Holi has gained a good deal of attention in the U.S. and now brings travelers to Nepal and India regularly each spring. Participating in any of Nepal’s festivals is an engaging way to learn about the culture and religions, as well as to meet local people. They often bring people out to public spaces for celebrations and include feasts and special foods, as well as important traditional ceremonies. Many of Nepal’s festivals occur in the fall and spring, and we often suggest timing a trip to coincide with one. Here are a few to consider:
Held over fifteen days in September or October, Dashain or Bijaya Dashami is the longest Hindu festival in Nepal and one of the most important. It celebrates the victory of good over evil and honors the Hindu goddess Durga. Many people return home to celebrate with their families and receive tika (a dab of red vermillion on the forehead) from their elders. Kites are commonly flown; large swings are set up for children; new clothes are purchased and worn; and various rituals, including sacrifices, are held on specific days. The Taleju Temple in Kathmandu’s Durbar Square, typically closed to all, opens to the Hindu people one day a year during the festival.
Buddha’s birth, enlightenment and death fell on the same day and are celebrated by Buddhists and Hindus throughout Nepal on the full moon of Vaisakha, a month on the Hindu calendar (usually April or May). The grandest ceremony occurs at Buddha’s birthplace in Lumbini in the western Terai plains. In Kathmandu, Buddha’s devotees pay respects at the Boudhanath Stupa, one of the holiest sites in Nepal and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. And in Kathmandu Valley, Swyambhunath Stupa and the city of Patan also draw Buddha’s disciples and admirers.
In a predominantly Hindu country, the celebration of the god Krishna’s birthday is an undeniably important day, falling in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada each year (usually August or September). The supreme deity, Krishna is known as one of the wisest gods, as well as a lover. Festivities center at the Krishna Mandir in Patan’s Durbar Square and last at least until midnight, when the supreme deity was born. Of course, devotees worship at Krishna temples around the country and typically fast throughout the day.
While the literal meaning of Gai Jatra is “festival of cows,” visitors are likely to see thousands of costumed people parading through the streets of Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur and Kirtipur in August or September. Families who have lost a member in the previous year may lead a cow, or a child dressed as one, to help guide the soul to heaven. The festival incorporates the worship of the ancient god of death, Yamaraj, and is meant to accept and celebrate death. A merry celebration it is. After the procession, the day is often filled with street performances, comedy skits and dancing.
Bisket Jatra Festival Tour
This nine-day festival, often occurring in April, celebrates the Nepali new year. Celebrated in Bhaktapur, Bisket Jatra begins at the Bhairab temple in Taumadhi Tole. The Hindu deities of Bhairab and Bhadrakali are placed in large wooden chariots and pulled through the crowd before a large game of tug-of-war between the two chariots ensues. Other gods and goddesses are also carried in procession around town and locals come to pay homage. Another feat of strength occurs during the festival, as two large wooden poles are erected in the city and the major one is pulled down by groups of young men as the new year commences.
Travelers interested in participating in these festivals or others for an immersive cultural experience can see itinerary options here: https://royalmt.com.np/destinations.